Current Issue

Volume 19, Number 3, Oct-Dec (Autumn) 2017, Serial Number: 75 Pages: 376-385

The Expression of TLR2 and TLR3 in Sertoli Cells of Azoospermic Patients


Mohammad Reza Lakpour, M.Sc, 1, 2, Morteza Koruji, Ph.D, 3, Abdolhossein Shahverdi, Ph.D, 4, Samaneh Aghajanpour, M.Sc, 5, Majid Rajabian Naghandar, Ph.D, 2, Mohammad Ali Sadighi Gilani, M.D, 1, 6, Marjan Sabbaghian, Ph.D, 1, *, Reza Aflatoonian, M.D., Ph.D, 5, *,
Department of Andrology, Reproductive Biomedicine Research Center, Royan Institute for Reproductive Biomedicine, ACECR, Tehran, Iran
Department of Biology, Payam Noor University, Tehran, Iran
Cellular and Molecular Research Center, Department of Anatomical Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Department of Embryology, Reproductive Biomedicine Research Center, Royan Institute for Reproductive Biomedicine, ACECR, Tehran, Iran
Department of Endocrinology and Female Infertility, Reproductive Biomedicine Research Center, Royan Institute for Reproductive Biomedicine, ACECR, Tehran, Iran
Department of Urology, Shariati Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
*Corresponding Addresses: P.O. BOX: 16635-148 Department of Andrology Reproductive Biomedicine Research Center Royan Institute for Reproductive Biomedicine ACECR Tehran Iran Department of Endocrinology and Female Infertility Reproductive Biomedicine Research Center Royan Institute for Reproductive Biomedicine ACECR Tehran Iran Emails:Marjan.sabbaghian@gmail.com,R.aflatoonian@ gmail.com

Abstract

Objective

Toll-like receptors (TLRs) on Sertoli cells are thought to have essential roles in sperm protection. This study was conducted to investigate the expression of TLR2 and TLR3 in Sertoli cells of men with azoospermia.

Materials and Methods

In this experimental study, testicular biopsies were taken from ten azoospermic men. Following enzymatic dissociation, the samples were moved to lectin coated petri dishes. After a few passages, all cells were cultivated and Seroli cells were sorted by flow cytometry. To confirm Sertoli cell purification, alkaline phosphatase activity (ALP) and immunohistochemistry assays were employed. The expression of TLR2 and TLR3 at the transcript and protein levels was examined with real-time quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-QPCR) and western blot, respectively.

Results

Isolation, purification and cultivation of human Sertoli cells were performed successfully. Efficacy of purification of Sertoli cells by fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) sorter was ~97%. The type of cultured cells was confirmed by vimentin and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) receptor markers. Furthermore, the existence of anti- Müllerian hormone in culture was confirmed. RT-PCR showed that both genes were expressed in Sertoli cells. Consistently, proteins of both were also expressed in Sertoli cells. Moreover, QPCR showed that the relative expression of TLR3 transcripts was significantly higher than TLR2 in Sertoli cells. Although both genes are expressed in fibroblast cells, their level of expression was significantly lower than in Sertoli cells.

Conclusion

This study confirmed expression of TLR2 and TLR3 in human Sertoli cells. This may be an indicator of their roles in developing immunity against pathogens as well as allo- and auto-antigens or viral antigens in seminiferous tubules.