Current Issue

Volume 20, Number 2, Summer 2018, Serial Number: 78 Pages: 168-176

Differentiation of Human Scalp Adipose-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells into Mature Neural Cells on Electrospun Nanofibrous Scaffolds for Nerve Tissue Engineering Applications


Mehrafarin Fesharaki, M.Sc, 1, *, Shahnaz Razavi, Ph.D, 2, Laleh Ghasemi-Mobarakeh, Ph.D, 3, *, Mohaddeseh Behjati, M.D., 4, Reyhaneh Yarahmadian, M.Sc., 5, Mohammad Kazemi, Ph.D., 6, Hejazi Hossein, Ph.D., 7, *,
Department of Cell Sciences Research Center Medical Sciences, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
Department of Anatomical Sciences, Medicine School, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
Department of Textile Engineering, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan 84156-83111, Iran
Rajaie Cardiovascular Medical and Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Department of Materials Engineering, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, Iran
Department of Genetics and Molecular Biology, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
Skin Diseases and Leishmaniasis Research Center, Department of Parasitology and Mycology, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
*Corresponding Addresses: P.O.Box: 81746-73461 Department of Cell Sciences Research Center Medical Sciences School of Medicine Isfahan University of Medical Sciences Isfahan Iran P.O.Box: 84156-83111 Department of Textile Engineering Isfahan University of Technology Isfahan Iran Emails:Fesharaki@med.mui.ac.ir,laleh.ghasemi@cc.iut.ac.ir

Abstract

Objective

This study aimed to isolate and culture SADS cells, investigate their neurogenic capacity and evaluate their application for nerve tissue engineering.

Materials and Methods

In this experimental study, SADS cells were isolated from human adipose tissue. After 7-day treatment of SADS cells with insulin, indomethacin and isobutylmethylxanthine, neurogenic differentiation of SADS cells was investigated. During this study, Poly (ε-caprolactone) (PCL) and PCL/gelatin nanofibrous scaffolds were fabricated using electrospinning and subsequently nanofibrous scaffolds were coated with platelet-rich plasma (PRP). SADS cells were also seeded on nanofibrous scaffolds and neurogentic differentiation of these cells on nanofibers was also evaluated. Effect of PRP on proliferation and differentiation of SADS cells on scaffolds was also studied.

Results

Our results showed that after 7-day treatment of SADS cells with insulin, indomethacin and isobutylmethylxanthine, SADS cells expressed markers characteristic of neural cells such as nestin and neuron specific nuclear protein (NEUN) (as early neuronal markers) as well as microtubule-associated protein 2 (MAP2) and neuronal microtubule-associated (TAU) (as mature neuronal markers) while mature astrocyte maker (GFAP) was not expressed. MTT assay and SEM results showed that incorporation of gelatin and PRP into the structure of nanofibrous scaffolds has a significant positive influence on the bioactivity of scaffolds. Our results also showed neurogentic differentiation of SADS cells on scaffolds.

Conclusion

Our results demonstrated that SADS cells have potential to differentiate into early and mature progenitor neurons, in vitro. PCL/gelatin/PRP was found to be a promising substrate for proliferation of SADS cells and differentiation of these cells into neural cells which make these scaffolds a candidate for further in vivo experiments and suggest their application for nerve tissue engineering.