Posthumous assisted reproduction is the most challenging difficult and sensitive issue to be discussed ethically and religiously. In this paper the acceptability of the posthumous reproduction in Islamic contexts is evaluated and major concerns like Consent and ownership of the gametes after death Family and Marriage vision and Welfare of the child are discussed together with some international legislation. We can conclude that upon Islamic vision to assisted reproductive techniques as treatment of families and relieving the serious problem of childlessness posthumous assisted reproduction is unacceptable for the remaining partner even with previously frozen gametes or embryos. Also Islamic vision to marriage consent and welfare of the child confirms the unacceptability. Posthumous gamete or embryo donation is different. The frozen embryos or gamtes after the person’s death can save another infertile family with less problems. As the parent is dead upon current law after one year there is no lineage related to the child who is born. So problems like intimacy inheritance expenditure and guardianship will be solved. It seems before starting such a program there is an extreme need for a complete research and obtaining decrees and pursue a complete guideline preventing any future problem.