Effects of Subfertility Cause Smoking and Body Weight on the Success Rate of IVF


Akhbardeh M *,

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Objective: We investigated the separate and combined effects of smoking and body mass index (BMI) on the success rate of IVF for couples with different causes of subfertility. Materials and Methods: The success rate of IVF was examined in 8457 women. Detailed information on reproduction and lifestyle factors was combined with medical record data on IVF treatment. All IVF clinics in The Netherlands participated in this study. The main outcome measures were live birth rate per first cycle of IVF differentiated for the major predictive factors. Results: For male subfertility the delivery rate per cycle was significantly lower than unexplained subfertility OR of 0.70 (95% CI 0.57–0.86); for tubal pathology the delivery rate was slightly lower OR = 0.86 (95% CI 0.70–1.01). Smoking was associated with a significantly lower delivery rate was slightly lower; for OR = 0.72 (95% CI 0.61–0.84) and a significantly higher abortion rate compared to non-smoking delivery rates of 21.4% and 16.4% respectively (p=0.02). Women with a BMI of 27 kg/m2 had a significantly lower delivery rate with an OR of 0.67 (95% CI 0.48–0.94) compared with normal weight women (BMI 20 and 10 years from age 20 to 30 years. Subfertile couples may improve the outcome of IVF treatment by lifestyle changes