Anonymity in Gamete and Embryo Donation


Mozafari M *, Omani Samani R , Oraei A ,

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Objective: One of the most controversial issues in donation protocols is anonymity. This is mostly refers to disclosure the identity of the donor to recipient or to the resulting child. Some countries have positive and some have negative position toward anonymity. For example HEFA in UK have passed a rule that at 18th year of child’s age, the donor identity and address must be given to the child and also it is considered as a right for him to contact or see his genetical parents. On the contrary, some other countries like Russia, Belgium, Spain, France and Zech republic have accepted the complete anonymity. Materials and Methods: Still, in Iran, there is not any law or legislation in this regard, but, as mentioned in Article no: 167 of Iran Constitution, in the cases that there is no law, people can rely on decrees of clergy leaders “Ayatollahs”. Results: According on our investigation among decrees, there are two groups of clergy leaders, the first are against anonymity specially for child, and the second are in agree with it. In a society like Iran in which, donation children and parents rights are not well defined, and many of these rights and relations are directly connected to the lineage, donation without anonymity may put the families and children in danger. Conclusion: The advantages and disadvantages of anonymity in Iranian society are discussed in this paper along with basis of the clergies’ ideas about it.