Review of Obesity and Reproductive in Men and Women


Yazdanpanahi Z *, Nematolahi A.N , Forouhary S.F ,

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Objective: To examine the association between body weight and measures of male reproductive potential Materials and Methods: We review the association between BMI and Reproductive potential. Results: In both sexes, obesity, may impair fertility. Some studies showed corroborate earlier findings that overweight and obese men have a markedly changed sex hormone profile in serum, and reduction of semen quality. In massively obese individuals, reduced spermatogenesis associated with severe hypo testosteronemia may favour infertility. Moreover, the frequency of erectile dysfunction increases with increasing body mass index .Furthermore there is a high prevalence of obese women in the infertile population ,and numerous studies have highlighted the link between obesity and infertility. in women, early onset of obesity favours the development of menses irregularities, chronic oligo-anovulation and infertility in the adult age. Obesity in women can also increase risk of miscarriages and impair the outcomes of assisted reproductive technologies and pregnancy, when the body mass index exceeds 30 kg/m. Conclusion: Fertility can be negatively affected by obesity. Weight reduction program with Change in life style and exercise should be an essential component of infertility management