STAT3 is Overactivated in Gastric Cancer Stem-Like Cells
Gastric cancer (GC) is widely associated with chronic inflammation. The pro inflammatory microenvironment provides conditions that disrupt stem/progenitor cell proliferation and differentiation. The signal transducer and activator of transcrip- tion-3 (STAT3) signaling pathway is involved in inflammation and also contributes to the maintenance of embryonic stem cell (ESCs) pluripotency. Here, we have investi- gated the activation status of STAT3 in GC stem-like cells (GCSLCs).
Materials and Methods
In this experimental research, CSLCs derived from the human GC cell line MKN-45 and patient specimens, through spheroid body formation, character- ized and then assayed for the STAT3 transcription factor expression in mRNA and protein level further to its activation.
Spheroid cells showed higher potential for spheroid formation than the pa-
rental cells. Furthemore, stemness genes
The present findings point to STAT3 over activation in GCSLCs. Com- plementary experiments are required to extend the role of STAT3 in stemness fea- tures and invasion properties of GCSCs and to consider the STAT3 pathway for CSC targeted therapy.