Past Issue

Volume 19, Number 4, Jan-Mar(Winter) 2018, Serial Number: 76, Pages: 614-619

Effects of Re-Vitrification of Mouse Morula and Early Blastocyst Stages on Apoptotic Gene Expression and Developmental Potential

Nasrin Majidi Gharenaz, M.Sc., Mansoureh Movahedin, Ph.D., *, Zohreh Mazaheri, Ph.D.,
Department of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
*Corresponding Address: P.O. BOX: 14115-175 Department of Anatomical Sciences Faculty of Medical Sciences Tarbiat Modares University Tehran Iran



Re-vitrification of embryos immediately after thawing or after a culture period could be used to preserve the extra embryos after embryo transfer. This study aims to clarify the effect of re-vitrification on Bax and Bcl-2 gene expressions of compact and early blastocyst stage embryos.

Materials and Methods

This experimental study was performed on mouse embryos. We collected 8-cell stage embryos (n=400) from female mature mice, 60-62 hoursafter injection of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG). The embryos were divided into 5 groups: fresh (n=80), vitrified at the 8-cell stage (n=80), vitrified at the blastocyst stage (n=80), vitrified at the 8-cell stage, and re-vitrified at the compact (n=80) and early blastocyst stages (n=80). Embryos were vitrified by cryolock. We analyzed the developmental rates of the vitrified-warmed embryos with the chi-square test. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) data were analyzed with SPSS version 16 using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) followed by Tukey’s post hoc test. P<0.05 were considered statistically significant.


The expanded blastocyst formation rate showed a significant difference in re-vitrified embryos compared with fresh embryos (P<0.05). However, this result was similar between the two re-vitrified groups. Our data showed a significant difference in expression of the Bax and Bcl-2 genes between re-vitrified and fresh embryos (P<0.05). Expressions of the Bax and Bcl-2 genes showed no significant difference between the two re-vitrified groups.


Based on our study, re-vitrification could affect developmental rate and expressions of the Bax and Bcl2 genes.