A Simple Technique for Three-Dimensional Imaging and
Segmentation of Brain Vasculature Using Fast
Free-of-Acrylamide Clearing Tissue in Murine
# The first two authors equally contributed to this work.
Fast Free-of-Acrylamide Clearing Tissue (FACT) is a recently developed protocol for the whole tissue three-dimensional (3D) imaging. The FACT protocol clears lipids using sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) to increase the penetration of light and reflection of fluorescent signals from the depth of cleared tissue. The aim of the present study was using FACT protocol in combination with imaging of auto-fluorescency of red blood cells in vessels to image the vasculature of a translucent mouse tissues.
Materials and Methods
In this experimental study, brain and other tissues of adult female mice or rats were dissected out without the perfusion. Mice brains were sliced for vasculature imaging before the clearing. Brain slices and other whole tissues of rodent were cleared by the FACT protocol and their clearing times were measured. After 1 mm of the brain slice clearing, the blood vessels containing auto-fluorescent red blood cells were imaged by a z-stack motorized epifluorescent microscope. The 3D structures of the brain vessels were reconstructed by Imaris software.
Auto-fluorescent blood vessels were 3D imaged by the FACT in mouse brain cortex. Clearing tissues of mice and rats were carried out by the FACT on the brain slices, spinal cord, heart, lung, adrenal gland, pancreas, liver, esophagus, duodenum, jejunum, ileum, skeletal muscle, bladder, ovary, and uterus.
The FACT protocol can be used for the murine whole tissue clearing. We highlighted that the 3D imaging of cortex vasculature can be done without antibody staining of non-perfused brain tissue, rather by a simple auto- fluorescence.