Comparison of The Therapeutic Effect of Syngeneic, Allogeneic, and
Xenogeneic Adipose Tissue-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells on
Abortion Rates in A Mouse Model
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), due to their immunomodulatory functions, are an ideal candidate for the treatment of immune-related diseases. Recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) is one of the most common complications of pregnancy which in many cases is related to the immune system disorders. Our previous study has shown that the abortion rate was decreased following the syngeneic MSCs therapy in abortion-prone mice. In this study, the therapeutic effect of syngeneic, allogeneic, and xenogeneic MSCs was compared in a mouse model of RSA.
Materials and Methods
In this experimental study, MSCs were isolated from adipose tissue (ASCs) of CBA/J and BALB/c mice and human. After characterization, ASCs were injected (IP) at day 4 of gestation to female CBA/J mice following their mating with DBA/2 male mice. In the control group, phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) was injected and CBA/J×BALB/c mating was also used as the normal pregnancy control. On day 14.5 of pregnancy, embryo resorption rate was determined.
The abortion rate significantly decreased following the ASCs therapy from syngeneic (6.31%), allogeneic (6.54%), and xenogeneic group (12.36%) compared to ASCs non-treated group (34.4%). There was no statistical difference between ASCs treated groups, however syngeneic and allogeneic ASCs reduced the abortion rate more efficiently than xenogeneic ASC.
The abortion rate was significantly decreased following the intraperitoneal administration of ASCs from various donated sources in abortion-prone mice. These results indicated that the immunogenicity of allogeneic and xenogeneic ASCs is not a contradictory problem for their therapeutic effects on RSA.