Regulated Acyl-CoA Synthetase Short-Chain Family Member 2
Accumulation during Spermatogenesis
Acyl-CoA synthetase short-chain family member 2 (ACSS2) activity provides a major source of acetyl-CoA to drive histone acetylation. This study aimed to unravel the ACSS2 expression during mouse spermatogenesis, where a dynamic and stage-specific genome-wide histone hyperacetylation occurs before histone eviction.
Materials and Methods
In this experimental study, ACSS2 expression levels during spermatogenesis were verified by Immunodetection. Testis paraffin-embedded sections were used for IHC staining with anti-H4 pan ac and anti-ACSS2. Co-detection of ACSS2 and H4K5ac was performed on testis tubular sections by immunofluorescence. Proteins extracts from fractionated male germ cells were subjected to western-blotting and immunoblot was probed with anti- ACSS2 and anti-actin.
The resulting data showed that the commitment of progenitor cells into meiotic divisions leads to a robust accumulation of ACSS2 in the cell nucleus, especially in pachytene spermatocytes (P). However, ACSS2 protein drastically declines during post-meiotic stages, when a genome-wide histone hyperacetylation is known to occur.
The results of this study are in agreement with the idea that the major function of ACSS2 is to recycle acetate generated after histone deacetylation to regenerate acetyl-CoA which is required to maintain the steady state of histone acetylation. Thus, it is suggested that in spermatogenic cells, nuclear activity of ACSS2 maintains the acetate recycling until histone hyperacetylation, but disappears before the acetylation-dependent histone degradation.