Incorporation of Silver Sulfadiazine into An Electrospun Composite of Polycaprolactone as An Antibacterial Scaffold for Wound Healing in Rats


Fereshteh Nejaddehbashi, M.Sc, 1Mahmoud Hashemitabar, Ph.D, 1,2Vahid Bayati, Ph.D, 1,2Eskandar Moghimipour, Ph.D, 1,3Jabraeel Movaffagh, Ph.D., 4Mahmoud Orazizadeh, Ph.D., 1,2,*Mohammadreza Abbaspour, Ph.D., 4,*
Cellular and Molecular Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
Department of Anatomical Sciences, School of Medicine, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
Nanotechnology Research Center, Faculty of Pharmacy, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
Targeted Drug Delivery Research Center, Pharmaceutical Technology Institute, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
Cellular and Molecular Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
Department of Anatomical Sciences, School of Medicine, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
Nanotechnology Research Center, Faculty of Pharmacy, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
Targeted Drug Delivery Research Center, Pharmaceutical Technology Institute, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
# Corresponding Addresses: P.O.Box: 45 Cellular and Molecular Research Center Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences Ahvaz Iran P.O.Box: 91775-1365 Targeted Drug Delivery Research Center Pharmaceutical Technology Institute Mashhad University of Medical Sciences Mashhad Iran Emails:orazizadehm@gmail.com,abbaspourmr@mums.ac.ir
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Nejaddehbashi Fereshteh, Hashemitabar Mahmoud, Bayati Vahid, Moghimipour Eskandar, Movaffagh Jabraeel, Orazizadeh Mahmoud, Abbaspour Mohammadreza. Incorporation of Silver Sulfadiazine into An Electrospun Composite of Polycaprolactone as An Antibacterial Scaffold for Wound Healing in Rats . Cell J. 2020; 21(4): 379-390.

Abstract

Objective

Fabrication of an antibiotic-loaded scaffold with controlled release properties for wound dressing is one of tissue engineering challenges. The aim of this study was to evaluate the wound-healing effectiveness of 500-µm thick polycaprolactone (PCL) nanofibrous mat containing silver sulfadiazine (SSD) as an antibacterial agent.

Materials and Methods

In this experimental study, an electrospun membrane of PCL nanofibrous mat containing 0.3% weight SSD with 500 µm thickness, was prepared. Morphological and thermomechanical characteristics of nanofibers were evaluated. Drug content and drug release properties as well as the surface hydrophobicity of the nanofibrous membrane were determined. Antimicrobial properties and cellular viability of the scaffold were also examined. A full thickness wound of 400 mm2 was created in rats, to evaluate the wound-healing effects of PCL/SSD blend in comparison with PCL and vaseline gas used as the control group.

Results

SSD at a concentration of 0.3% improved physicochemical properties of PCL. This concentration of SSD did not inhibit the attachment of human dermal fibroblasts (HDFs) to nanofibers in vitro, but showed antibacterial activity against Gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus (ST) and Gram-negative Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PS). Overall, results showed that SSD improves characteristics of PCL nanofibrous film and improves wound-healing process in one-week earlier compared to control.

Conclusion

Cytotoxicity of SSD in fabricated nanofibrous mat is a critical challenge in designing an effective wound dressing that neutralizes cellular toxicity and improves antimicrobial activity. The PCL/SSD nanofibrous membrane with 500- µm thickness and 0.3% (w/v) SSD showed applicable characteristics as a wound dressing and it accelerated wound healing process in vivo.