Cardiac Differentiation of Adipose Tissue-Derived Stem Cells Is Driven by BMP4 and bFGF but Counteracted by 5-Azacytidine and Valproic Acid
Hasani S, Javeri A, Asadi A, Taha MF. Cardiac differentiation of adipose tissue-derived stem cells is driven by BMP4 and bFGF but counteracted by 5-azacytidine and valproic acid. Cell J. 2020; 22(3): 273-282. doi:10.22074/cellj.2020.6582.
Bone morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP4) and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) play important roles in embryonic heart development. Also, two epigenetic modifying molecules, 5ˊ-azacytidine (5ˊ-Aza) and valproic acid (VPA) induce cardiomyogenesis in the infarcted heart. In this study, we first evaluated the role of BMP4 and bFGF in cardiac trans-differentiation and then the effectiveness of 5´-Aza and VPA in reprogramming and cardiac differentiation of human adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ADSCs).
Materials and Methods
In this experimental study, human ADSCs were isolated by collagenase I digestion. For cardiac differentiation, third to fifth-passaged ADSCs were treated with BMP4 alone or a combination of BMP4 and bFGF with or without 5ˊ-Aza and VPA pre-treatment. After 21 days, the expression of cardiac-specific markers was evaluated by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), quantitative real-time PCR, immunocytochemistry, flow cytometry and western blot analyses.
BMP4 and more prominently a combination of BMP4 and bFGF induced cardiac differentiation of human
ADSCs. Epigenetic modification of the ADSCs by 5ˊ-Aza and VPA significantly upregulated the expression of OCT4A,
Our findings demonstrated the inductive role of BMP4 and especially BMP4 and bFGF combination in cardiac trans-differentiation of human ADSCs. Treatment with 5ˊ-Aza and VPA reprogrammed ADSCs toward a more pluripotent state and increased tendency of the ADSCs for mesodermal differentiation. Although pre-treatment with 5ˊ-Aza and VPA counteracted the cardiogenic effects of BMP4 and bFGF, it may be in favor of migration, engraftment and survival of the ADSCs after transplantation.