Designing A Transgenic Chicken: Applying New Approaches toward A Promising Bioreactor

(Pages: 133-139)
Salahadin Bahrami, Ph.D, 1Amir Amiri-Yekta, Ph.D, 1Abbas Daneshipour, M.Sc, 1Seyedeh Hoda Jazayeri, Ph.D, 1Paul Edward Mozdziak, Ph.D., 2Mohammad Hossein Sanati, Ph.D., 1,3,*Hamid Gourabi, Ph.D., 1,*
Department of Genetics, Reproductive Biomedicine Research Center, Royan Institute for Reproductive Biomedicine, ACECR, Tehran, Iran
Physiology Graduate Program, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, USA
Department of Medical Genetics, National Institute of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, Tehran, Iran
Department of Genetics, Reproductive Biomedicine Research Center, Royan Institute for Reproductive Biomedicine, ACECR, Tehran, Iran
Physiology Graduate Program, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, USA
Department of Medical Genetics, National Institute of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, Tehran, Iran
*Corresponding Address: P.O.Box: 16635-148 Department of Genetics Reproductive Biomedicine Research Center Royan Institute for Reproductive Biomedicine ACECR Tehran Iran Emails:m-sanati@nigeb.ac.ir,gourabi@royaninstitute.org
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Bahrami S, Amiri-Yekta A, Daneshipour A, Jazayeri SH, Mozdziak PE, Sanati MH, Gourabi H. Designing a transgenic chicken: applying new approaches toward a promising bioreactor. Cell J. 2020; 22(2): 133-139. doi: 10.22074/cellj.2020.6738

Abstract

Specific developmental characteristics of the chicken make it an attractive model for the generation of transgenic organisms. Chicken possess a strong potential for recombinant protein production and can be used as a powerful bioreactor to produce pharmaceutical and nutritional proteins. Several transgenic chickens have been generated during the last two decades via viral and non-viral transfection. Culturing chicken primordial germ cells (PGCs) and their ability for germline transmission ushered in a new stage in this regard. With the advent of CRISPR/Cas9 system, a new phase of studies for manipulating genomes has begun. It is feasible to integrate a desired gene in a predetermined position of the genome using CRISPR/Cas9 system. In this review, we discuss the new approaches and technologies that can be applied to generate a transgenic chicken with regards to recombinant protein productions.