Circ-RNA Expression Pattern and circ-RNA-miRNA-mRNA Network in The Pathogenesis of Human Intervertebral Disc Degeneration

(Pages: 218-224)
Zhiliang Guo, M.D., 1,#,*Yuanyuan Liu, M.D, 2,#Yu Gao, M.M, 3Xiumei Guan, M.M, 3Hong Li, M.M, 3Min Cheng, Ph.D, 3
Department of Orthopedic, No. 89 Hospital of Chinese PLA, Weifang, 261021, China
Stomatology Medical College, Weifang Medical University, Weifang 261053, Shandong, China
Clinical Medical College, Weifang Medical University, Weifang 261053, Shandong, China
Department of Orthopedic, No. 89 Hospital of Chinese PLA, Weifang, 261021, China
Stomatology Medical College, Weifang Medical University, Weifang 261053, Shandong, China
Clinical Medical College, Weifang Medical University, Weifang 261053, Shandong, China
* Corresponding Address: Department of Orthopedic No. 89 Hospital of Chinese PLA Weifang 261021 China Email:drzlguo@163.com

The first two authors equally contributed in this study.

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Guo Zhiliang, Liu Yuanyuan, Gao Yu, Guan Xiumei, Li Hong, Cheng Min. Circ-RNA Expression Pattern and circ-RNA-miRNA-mRNA Network in The Pathogenesis of Human Intervertebral Disc Degeneration. Cell J. 2021; 23(2): 218-224.

Abstract

Objective

The present study aimed to screen the differentially expressed (DE) circular RNAs (circ-RNAs) between lumbar intervertebral disc degeneration (IVDD) and normal tissues.

Material and Methods

In this experimental study, microarray hybridization was performed to evaluate circ-RNA expression, and the DE circ-RNAs were confirmed by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Host genes of DE circ-RNAs were predicted, and their functions were evaluated. Further, a competitive endogenesis (ce) RNA network among 4 DE circ-RNAs-miRNA-mRNA was constructed by Cytoscape.

Results

A total of 2636 circ-RNAs were detected in all samples; among them, 89.23% were exonic circ-RNAs. There were 138 DE circ-RNAs, including 134 up-regulated circ-RNAs and 4 downregulated circ-RNAs in IVDD samples. qRT-PCR validation experiments showed that expression trends of hsa_circ_0003239, hsa_circ_0003162, hsa_circ_0005918, and hsa_circ_0005556 were in line with the microarray analysis results. Functional enrichment analysis showed that host genes of DE circ-RNAs significantly disturbed pathways of regulation of actin cytoskeleton, propanoate metabolism, and ErbB signaling pathway. The four DE circ-RNAs related ceRNA network was constructed.

Conclusions

Our results revealed that circ-RNAs can function as miRNA sponges and regulate parent gene expression to affect IVDD.