Age Associated Changes in Transcription of Adiponectin,
AdipoR1 and AdipoR2 Genes in Pancreas of Rats
Adiponectin has a crucial role in the function, proliferation and viability of β-cell via action of two receptors:
Materials and Methods
In this experimental study, insulin resistance markers including serum insulin and glucose concentrations, homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), glucose induced insulin secretion (GIIS), serum Adiponectin levels, pancreatic expression of Adiponectin and its receptors were studied in male Sprague-Dawley rats at the age of 2, 5, 10, 18, 52 and 72 weeks of age.
We found that aging triggered signs of insulin resistance characteristics in rats at 72 age weeks including
marked insulin reduction, hyperglycemia and increased HOMA-IR. Circulating Adiponectin as well as pancreatic
Because Adiponectin and Adiponectin signaling have crucial role in β-cell function and viability, we concluded that reduction of Adiponectin signaling may be involved in aging induced β-cell dysfunction. As a result, manipulation of Adiponectin signaling may be a beneficial approach for improvement of β-cell function in the old people.