Proteomics Analyses Reveal Functional Differences between Exosomes of Mesenchymal Stem Cells Derived from The Umbilical Cord and Those Derived from The Adipose Tissue

(Pages: 75-84)
Bin Liu, Ph.D, 1,2Guanglei Qiao, M.Sc, 3Wen Cao, M.Sc, 4Chenlu Li, M.Sc, 5Shaojun Pan, Ph.D, 6Lirui Wang, Ph.D., 1,2Yanlei Liu, Ph.D., 1,2Lijun Ma, Ph.D., 3,*Daxiang Cui, Ph.D., 1,2,3,*
Institute of Nano Biomedicine and Engineering, Shanghai Engineering Research Center for Intelligent Diagnosis and Treatment Instrument, Department of Instrument Science and Engineering, School of Electronic Information and Electrical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China
National Center for Translational Medicine, Collaborative Innovational Center for System Biology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China
Department of Oncology, Tongren Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, China
Bio-X Institutes, Key Laboratory for the Genetics of Developmental and Neuropsychiatric Disorders (Ministry of Education), Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China
School of Laboratory Medicine and Life Science, Wenzhou Medical University, University Town, Chashan, China
School of Biomedical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China
Institute of Nano Biomedicine and Engineering, Shanghai Engineering Research Center for Intelligent Diagnosis and Treatment Instrument, Department of Instrument Science and Engineering, School of Electronic Information and Electrical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China
National Center for Translational Medicine, Collaborative Innovational Center for System Biology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China
Department of Oncology, Tongren Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, China
Bio-X Institutes, Key Laboratory for the Genetics of Developmental and Neuropsychiatric Disorders (Ministry of Education), Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China
School of Laboratory Medicine and Life Science, Wenzhou Medical University, University Town, Chashan, China
School of Biomedical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China
*Corresponding Addresses: P.O. Box: 200336 1111 Xian Xia Road Department of Oncology Tongren Hospital Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine Shanghai P.R. China P.O.Box: 20040 800 Institute of Nano Biomedicine and Engineering Shanghai Engineering Research Center for Intelligent Diagnosis and Treatment Instrument Department of Instrument Science and Engineering School of Electronic Information and Electrical Engineering Shanghai Jiao Tong University China Emails:ljma56@126.com,dxcui@sjtu.edu.cn
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Liu Bin, Qiao Guanglei, Cao Wen, Li Chenlu, Pan Shaojun, Wang Lirui, Liu Yanlei, Ma Lijun, Cui Daxiang. Proteomics Analyses Reveal Functional Differences between Exosomes of Mesenchymal Stem Cells Derived from The Umbilical Cord and Those Derived from The Adipose Tissue . Cell J. 2021; 23(1): 75-84.

Abstract

Objective

We aimed to identify the differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) and functional differences between exosomes derived from mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) derived from umbilical cord (UC) or adipose tissue (AD).

Materials and Methods

In this experimental study, the UC and AD were isolated from healthy volunteers. Then, exosomes from UC-MSCs and AD-MSCs were isolated and characterized. Next, the protein compositions of the exosomes were examined via liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS), followed by evaluation of the DEPs between UC-MSC and AD-MSC–derived exosomes. Finally, functional enrichment analysis was performed.

Results

One hundred and ninety-eight key DEPs were identified, among which, albumin (ALB), alpha-II-spectrin (SPTAN1), and Ras-related C3 botulinum toxin substrate 2 (RAC2) were the three hub proteins present at the highest levels in the protein-protein interaction network that was generated based on the shared DEPs. The DEPs were mainly enriched in gene ontology (GO) items associated with immunity, complement activation, and protein activation cascade regulation corresponding to 24 pathways, of which complement and coagulation cascades as well as platelet activation pathways were the most significant.

Conclusion

The different functions of AD- and UC-MSC exosomes in clinical applications may be related to the differences in their immunomodulatory activities.