Identification of CCNB2 as A Potential Non-Invasive Breast Cancer
Biomarker in Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells Using The
Systems Biology Approach
Breast cancer (BC) still remains an imperative clinical issue, despite advances in the diagnosis, prognosis and treatment modalities of this malignancy. Hence, progress has been made to identify non-invasive, high sensitive and specific biomarkers. Since immune system affects development of breast cancer, peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) -a subpopulation of immune cells- can be considered as a promising tool in the field of BC biomarker research. In the current study, we initially attempted to use concept of the present shared biomarkers in solid tumors and systemic immune profile and then evaluate correlation of these biomarkers to clinical use in cancer research.
Materials and Methods
In this experimental study, available microarray gene expression datasets of BC as well as the related PBMCs were retrieved and downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database, followed by analysis using GEO2R along with affylmGUI, a R-based package, to obtain differentially expressed genes (DEGs). Signature genes from 20 types of cancer were also applied to validate DEGs. Quantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was carried out to assess mRNA level of CCNB2 in PBMC of the BC patients and healthy subjects.
DEGs analysis for the transcription profile of BC cells and PBMCs showed two shared targets,
Results of this study demonstrated that PBMCs are affected by BC cells and