Bioinspired Device Improves The Cardiogenic Potential of Cardiac
Functional cardiac tissue engineering holds promise as a candidate approach for myocardial infarction. Tissue engineering has emerged to generate functional tissue constructs and provide an alternative means to repair and regenerate damaged heart tissues.
Materials and Methods
In this experimental study, we fabricated a composite polycaprolactone (PCL)/gelatine electrospun scaffold with aligned nanofibres. The electrospinning parameters and optimum proportion of the PCL/ gelatine were tested to design a scaffold with aligned and homogenized nanofibres. Using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and mechanophysical testes, the PCL/gelatine composite scaffold with a ratio of 70:30 was selected. In order to simulate cardiac contraction, a developed mechanical loading device (MLD) was used to apply a mechanical stress with specific frequency and tensile rate to cardiac progenitor cells (CPCs) in the direction of the aligned nanofibres. Cell metabolic determination of CPCs was performed using real-time polymerase chain reaction(RT-PCR).
Physicochemical and mechanical characterization showed that the PCL/gelatine composite scaffold with a ratio of 70:30 was the best sample. In vitro analysis showed that the scaffold supported active metabolism and proliferation of CPCs, and the generation of uniform cellular constructs after five days. Real-time PCR analysis revealed elevated expressions of the specific genes for synchronizing beating cells (MYH-6, TTN and CX-43) on the dynamic scaffolds compared to the control sample with a static culture system.
Our study provides a robust platform for generation of synchronized beating cells on a nanofibre patch that can be used in cardiac tissue engineering applications in the near future.