Safety and Efficacy of Allogeneic Adipose Tissue Mesenchymal
Stromal Cells in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Patients,
Single-Center, Prospective, Open-Label, Single-Arm
Clinical Trial, Long-Term Follow-up
# These authors contributed equally to this work.
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal neurodegenerative disorder with very limited treatment options. Stem cells have been raised as a new treatment modality for these patients. We have designed a single-center, prospective, open-label, and single arm clinical trial to assess the safety, feasibility, and rather efficacy of administrating allogeneic adipose-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (Ad-MSCs) in ALS patients. We enrolled 17 patients with confirmed ALS diagnosis with ALS Functional Rating Scale-Revised (ALSFRS-R) (<24) and predicted forced vital capacity (FVC) (<40)%. Allogeneic Ad-MSCs were transplanted intravenously for all patients. Follow-ups were done at 24 hours, 2, 4, 6, and 12 months after cell infusion by checking adverse events, laboratory tests, and clinically by ALSFRS-R and FVC. Patients were also followed five years later and ALSFRS-R score was recorded in the survived individuals. There was no report of severe adverse events related to cell infusion. Two patients experienced dyspnea and chest pain 36 and 65 days after cell infusion due to pulmonary emboli. The progressive decrease in ALSFRS-R and FVC levels was recorded and three patients died in the first year. During five years follow up, despite a notable decrease in functional scores, 5 patients survived. Intravenous (IV) infusion of allogeneic Ad-MSCs in ALS patients is safe and feasible. The survival rate of the patients is more than IV autologous MSCs (Registration number: IRCT20080728001031N26).